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英国男子服用液体尼古丁后身亡

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发表于 2016-9-18 22:00:58
【equa注】现在越来越多的蒸汽客开始自己调制烟油,自己动手调配尼古丁浓度也很普遍。不过一定要注意的是,尼古丁本身是有一定毒性的,如果不慎沾到手上都会有灼热感,应立即用大量清水冲洗,以避免意外吸收。这里翻译一篇英国的报导,一名男子酒后饮下液态尼古丁身亡,虽然报导中也指出这类案例非常罕见,但也要引起大家的足够重视,毕竟安全永远是第一位的。



原标题:County man's death from drinking liquid nicotine is only the fifth ever recorded in the world
原作者:Lawrence John 2016年9月1日
来源:equa翻译自Northants Herald & Post




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凯特林警局


英国北安普敦郡的验尸官,今天在拉什登发布了一则死亡案例,一名32岁男子因饮用液态尼古丁而死亡。
男子克林顿·艾略特·菲尔德服用液态尼古丁致死,这样的案例非常罕见,在全球范围内仅有三到四例死亡记录。
今天在凯特林警局将发布北安普敦首例次因服用液态尼古丁死亡病例的验尸报告。
经过总结,北安普敦郡验尸官哈山·沙向公众发表了液态尼古丁的危险警告。
他说:“死亡结论我总结为药物相关,具体讲是液态尼古丁。这是极少发生的,我们并未见过很多服用液态尼古丁死亡的案例。公众很可能并未意识到液态尼古丁的致命性。”
“我希望这个死亡案例对人们是个警告,并在未来拯救其它生命。”


护理人员在2015年11月7日早上6:18分接到呼叫,去至位于拉什登百摩若大街菲尔德先生的家中。
他们在6:35分到达,发现他躺在厨房地板上,呈现灰色。
克林顿的配偶,艾玛·理查兹,与他同居十年,并育有2个小孩,她的前段婚姻还另有1个小孩。她说他们都对14岁的儿子的管教倍感头疼,克林顿感觉他已无法控制儿子的行为。
克林顿自己的童年行为也非常不检点,但是他的家庭给了他非常温馨的支持。他有酒精依赖,但并不是每天都喝。现在他觉得他没办法应付儿子的行为。
那天晚上艾玛和克林顿去朋友家赴宴、但并未饮酒。在回家的路上克林顿买了4罐烈性苹果酒,回家后马上喝了一罐。在大约凌晨一点他去了老酒馆买了瓶一升装的伏特加,喝得酩酊大醉。在花园里散落着空酒瓶和酒罐。
在凌晨五点前后,艾玛被克林顿叫醒,他说他必须上天堂找他6年前去世的爸爸。他打算喝下液态尼古丁,让艾玛照顾孩子们。他们坐下来,都哭了,然后克林顿说要抽支烟,然后他起身去了厨房。
后来艾玛在厨房发现他口吐白沫,她立即拨打999,并按吩咐在医护人员赶到前一直做心肺复苏术。他被救护车迅速送往凯特林医院,并用呼吸机维持呼吸。尽管曾经有所缓和,但他的病情还是恶化了,并在3天后的11月10日下午6:15分死亡。


艾玛对法官说,她起先并不以为克林顿真的会自杀,因为他喝醉以后常常这样说,但第二天醒来后完全不记得自己说过什么。
斯蒂芬·莫雷医生,莱斯特皇家医院临床内科医生及法庭医学官,说,克林顿体内的酒精含量三倍于法定醉驾的上限,当急救人员发现他时可能含量还要高。
他说克林顿体内的酒精含量使得他并不能完全控制自己的行为,即使他明知液态尼古丁是有毒的。
莫雷医生对法庭说,服用液态尼古丁将在半小时至一小时内起效。
他解释道,服用尼古丁将导致口吐白沫、心跳异常、抽搐、心跳骤停等症状,大脑也会因为缺氧而受损。
他说经过家属同意,他将在医学期刊上发表名为“这是全球仅有的三或四例服用液态尼古丁致死的病例”的文章。


验尸官哈山·沙总结说,经过多方考虑,他不认为这是自杀行为,而归于药物相关的死亡,概指液体尼古丁。
在验尸后沙先生对《北安普敦先驱报》说:“我们看到电子烟液的消费在增长,而液态尼古丁在网上可以轻易买到。”
“尼古丁的应用方式在增加,人们也在不断增加用量,但我们需要用有效地方法提醒人们关注其危险性。”




【原文】
A Northamptonshire Coroner today, issued a warning following the death of a 32-year-old man from Rushden who died after drinking liquid nicotine.
The death of Clinton Elliott Field from ingesting liquid nicotine is so rare there have only been three or four deaths like this recorded in the world.
And today in the board room at Kettering Police Station this have been the first time in Northamptonshire where a resumed inquest dealt with someone's death from ingesting liquid nicotine.
In his summing up assistant Northamptonshire Coroner, Hassan Shah issued a warning to people about the dangers of liquid nicotine.
He said: "The verdict I will include is this death was drug related and in brackets it will say liquid nicotine.
"This is a very rare occurrence and we do not see very many deaths by ingestion of liquid nicotine.
"The public at large might not be aware of the risks about death from liquid nicotine.
"I hope this death will serve as a warning to others and perhaps save lives in the future."
Paramedics were called to Mr Field's house in Balmoral Avenue in Rushden at 6.18am on November 7 2015.
They arrived at 6.35am and found him laying on the floor in the kitchen looking grey.
Giving her evidence, Clinton's partner of 10 years, Emma Richards told the court Clinton and she had two children together and she also had one child from a previous relationship.
She said they were both having trouble with their 14-year-old son and Clinton felt he had lost control of the boy's behaviour.
Clinton had his own trouble childhood behaving very badly but he did have a loving family who supported him.
He was someone who was dependent on alcohol but did not drink it every day.
Now he felt he could not cope with what was happening to his son.
That evening Emma and Clinton went out to a friends for a meal but did not have any alcohol.
On the way home Clinton bought four cans of strong cider and drank one as soon as he came back.
At about 1am he went to an old night garage and bought a one litre bottle of vodka which he drunk,
The empty bottle and cider cans were found in the garden.
During the early hours of the morning at about 5am, Emma was woken up by Clinton who said he had to go to heaven to be with his dad who had died 6 years ago.
He was going to drink liquid nicotine and she should look after the kids.
They sat down and cried together and then Clinton said he needed to have a cigarette and went into the kitchen.
It was there Emma found him frothing at the mouth and called 999 and they told her to give CPR which she did until the paramedics arrived.
He was immediately taken by ambulance to Kettering General Hospital where he was placed on a ventilator as he was not breathing independently.
Despite seemingly to improve after a day his condition deteriorated and he died three days later at 6.15pm on November 10.
She told the court she did not believe Clinton meant to take his own life as he had made threats before when drunk and when he woke the next day he never remembered anything.
Giving his evidence Dr Stephen Morley, consultant clinical scientist and forensic toxicologist at Leicester Royal Infirmary said the alcohol content in Clinton's body which he calculated would have been three times over the legal limit to drive a car and said when the paramedics found him it would have been even higher.
He said the alcohol in Clinton's blood would have made him unaware of his actions even though he knew the dangers of liquid nicotine.
Dr Morley told the court the effects from taking liquid nicotine would have taken about 30 mins to one hour to occur.
He explained taking liquid nicotine would cause frothing at the mouth, abnormal heart beats, epilepsy and cardiac arrest - a heart attack.
The brain would also suffer damage as it would be starved of oxygen.
He said with the families permission he wanted to publish this death in a scientific journal as 'this was only the third or fourth case in the world ever recorded from death by liquid nicotine'.
Summing up the coroner, Hassan Shah said after much deliberation he did not believe this was suicide but said he would say the death was drug related but in brackets saying liquid nicotine.
Speaking to the Northants Herald & Post after the inquest, Mr Shah said: "We are starting to see an increase in vapour fluids being used and clearly liquid nicotine is available on the internet.
"There is an increase in the use of nicotine in different forms and that is going to encourage people to try more but we need to find a way of educating people about the dangers."

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发表于 2016-9-18 22:23:05
自调油正规操作应戴橡胶手套,护目镜,避免接触皮肤,粘膜
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蒸汽达人

电子烟之家网站评测组成员,独立撰稿,提供纯用户视角真实客观体验。评测所有文字均为原创、图片均为自行摄制,版权独立,EcigM电子烟之家独家发布。

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发表于 2016-9-18 22:27:19
crazydiam0nd 发表于 2016-9-18 22:23
自调油正规操作应戴橡胶手套,护目镜,避免接触皮肤,粘膜

论坛缺少微信最常用的 /强 这个表情
你说的很对,不过图省事有时就徒手上了,安全防护还是要做足。
将产品的特性客观清晰地呈现出来,应该就算是好的评测,与产品的好坏优劣并没有关系。
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发表于 2016-9-18 22:35:15
equa 发表于 2016-9-18 22:27
论坛缺少微信最常用的 /强 这个表情
你说的很对,不过图省事有时就徒手上了,安全防护还是要做足。

这也是我一直想入坑自调油但还没入的原因
装备要正规,操作流程要正规,对个人玩家来说有一定难度
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发表于 2016-9-19 07:51:58
crazydiam0nd 发表于 2016-9-18 22:35
这也是我一直想入坑自调油但还没入的原因
装备要正规,操作流程要正规,对个人玩家来说有一定难度

所以最後出坑買回成品油是因為--麻烦
我自己手上各品牌香精100多种...现在只調固定几种算了,難得一次当然調多几个口味,又要想,想好記下來...
淨計找針管也可以花15分鈡...太麻烦了
獨立評測,纯玩家角度,非电子煙相关工作。
QQ:3406103331
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发表于 2016-9-19 08:58:31
尼古丁是有毒的。。。
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发表于 2016-9-19 10:34:34

尼古丁是有毒的。
联系我953527666。微博@叶子-电子烟评测师
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发表于 2016-9-19 11:31:08
尼古丁原液 的确毒性很大,操作时 一定要做好安全防护措施。
已经稀释过的 比如36毫克含量的 就没什么太大危险了,滴到手上 立刻擦去 也没多大危害,但是还是要注意!
E教授这帖子 有警示意义,普通玩家 还是要多小心,必定这东西有毒性!
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国內diy大多是pg尼古丁,對追求儘可能大烟霧的玩家,36mg意味總体含pg太高,所以....  发表于 2016-9-19 11:44
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发表于 2016-9-19 12:00:46
额·!.............
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发表于 2016-9-19 12:39:49
不作死就不会死
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